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High Resolution Chemistry Transport Modeling with the On-Line CHIMERE-WRF Model over the French Alps-Analysis of a Feedback of Surface Particulate Matter Concentrations on Mountain Meteorology

Abstract : Air pollution is of major concern throughout the world and the use of modeling tools to analyze and forecast the pollutant concentrations in complex orographic areas remains challenging. This work proposes an exhaustive framework to analyze the ability of models to simulate the air quality over the French Alps up to 1.2 km resolution over Grenoble and the Arve Valley. The on-line coupled suite of models CHIMERE-WRF is used in its recent version to analyze a 1 month episode in November-December 2013. As expected, an improved resolution increases the concentrations close to the emission areas and reduced the negative bias for Particulate Matter that is the usual weakness of air quality models. However, the nitrate concentrations seem overestimated with at the same time an overestimation of surface temperature in the morning by WRF. Different WRF settings found in the literature are tested to improve the results, particularly the ability of the meteorological model to simulate the strong thermal inversions in the morning. Wood burning is one of the main contributor of air pollution during the period ranging from 80 to 90% of the Organic Matter. The activation of the on-line coupling has a moderate impact on the background concentrations but surprisingly a change of Particulate Matter (PM) concentrations in the valley will affect more the meteorology nearby high altitude areas than in the valley. This phenomenon is the result of a chain of processes involving the radiative effects and the water vapor column gradients in complex orographic areas. At last, the model confirms that the surrounding glaciers are largely impacted by long range transport of desert dust. However, in wintertime some outbreaks of anthropogenic pollution from the valley when the synoptic situation changes can be advected up to the nearby high altitude areas, then deposited.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 9, 2021 - 5:09:52 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 11, 2021 - 3:26:01 AM

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Bertrand Bessagnet, Laurent Menut, Remy Lapere, Florian Couvidat, Jean-Luc Jaffrezo, et al.. High Resolution Chemistry Transport Modeling with the On-Line CHIMERE-WRF Model over the French Alps-Analysis of a Feedback of Surface Particulate Matter Concentrations on Mountain Meteorology. Atmosphere, MDPI 2020, 11 (6), pp.565. ⟨10.3390/atmos11060565⟩. ⟨ineris-03318322⟩

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