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Assessing the impacts on fetal dosimetry of the modelling of the placental transfers of xenobiotics in a pregnancy physiologically based pharmacokinetic model

Abstract : The developmental origin of health and diseases theory support the critical role of the fetal exposure to children's health. We developed a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model for human pregnancy (pPBPK) to simulate the maternal and fetal dosimetry throughout pregnancy. Four models of the placental exchanges of chemicals were assessed on ten chemicals for which maternal and fetal data were available. These models were calibrated using non-animal methods: in vitro (InV) or ex vivo (ExV) data, a semi-empirical eq. (SE), or the limitation by the placental perfusion (PL). They did not impact the maternal pharmacokinetics but provided different profiles in the fetus. The PL and InV models performed well even if the PL model overpredicted the fetal exposure for some substances. The SE and ExV models showed the lowest global performance and the SE model a tendency to underprediction. The comparison of the profiles showed that the PL model predicted an increase in the fetal exposure with the pregnancy age, whereas the ExV model predicted a decrease. For the SE and InV models, a small decrease was predicted during the second trimester. All models but the ExV one, presented the highest fetal exposure at the end of the third trimester. Global sensitivity analyses highlighted the predominant influence of the transfer constants on the fetal exposure, as well as the metabolic clearance and the fraction unbound. Finally, the four transfer models could be considered depending on the framework of the use of the pPBPK model and the availability of data or resources to inform their parametrization.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 9, 2021 - 5:10:52 PM
Last modification on : Monday, August 9, 2021 - 6:12:27 PM

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Marc Codaccioni, Céline Brochot. Assessing the impacts on fetal dosimetry of the modelling of the placental transfers of xenobiotics in a pregnancy physiologically based pharmacokinetic model. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Elsevier, 2020, 409, pp.115318. ⟨10.1016/j.taap.2020.115318⟩. ⟨ineris-03318332⟩

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