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Phytomanagement of a Trace Element-Contaminated Site to Produce a Natural Dye: First Screening of an Emerging Biomass Valorization Chain

Abstract : The study of different possible biomass valorization routes is crucial in order to diversify phytomanagement options, allowing the landowner/stakeholder to choose the best option based on site characteristics and the benefits of local value chains. In the current study, field and laboratory experiments were conducted to assess the suitabilitity of Malva sylvestris L. for the phytoattenuation of a dredged sediment disposal site contaminated with trace elements (trace element (Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn). The selected crop was Malva sylvestris, a flowering plant from which a colourant can be extracted to be used in dying of textiles as a way to valorize the produced biomass grown on this contaminated land. Under the conditions of the investigated site, the analysis of TE in the sediment and the biomass matrix showed no effect of M. sylvestris on the sediment TE contamination mobility with an excluder phenotype (Bioconcentration factor < 1). Metal concentrations were found to be the highest in the leaves followed by in the stem and flower. The dye extract obtained from the flower part of M. sylvestris permitted the silk alum-pretreated fabric to be dyed yellow, and the TE concentration in the dyed textile fabrics respected the threshold values set by OEKO-Tex standard 100.
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https://hal-ineris.archives-ouvertes.fr/ineris-03461963
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 4:25:34 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 18, 2022 - 3:44:01 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, March 2, 2022 - 7:56:18 PM

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Alexandre Perlein, Valérie Bert, Marcella Fernandes de Souza, Rodolphe Gaucher, Arnaud Papin, et al.. Phytomanagement of a Trace Element-Contaminated Site to Produce a Natural Dye: First Screening of an Emerging Biomass Valorization Chain. Applied Sciences, MDPI, 2021, 11 (22), pp.10613. ⟨10.3390/app112210613⟩. ⟨ineris-03461963⟩

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