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Cleaning product emissions and indoor built environments: Exposure and health risk assessments from experiments under realistic indoor conditions

Abstract : Cleaning products are among the most widely used consumer products. The associated risks should be better understood. The health risk assessment (HRA) approach was applied to household uses of cleaning products, with nineteen products of various types and formats tested under typical indoor environmental parameters in an experimental house. The targeted substances included volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and carbonyl compounds. The generic “Common Use” and “Reasonable Worst-Case” scenarios under consideration were based on full cleaning sessions. These sessions were elaborated from data available in the technical and scientific literature, combined with stakeholder participation. The Common Use scenario included a 1 1/2-h cleaning session once per week, followed by manual ventilation; the Reasonable Worst-Case scenario included a 4-h session twice per week without manual ventilation. No situation of concern was found regarding chronic inhalation exposures associated with Common Use. For the Reasonable Worst-Case scenario, the assessed chronic inhalation risks were low. Assessed acute inhalation exposures (1-h exposures) could exceed the selected health values, mainly for acrolein (exposures up to 12 μg/m3) and formaldehyde (exposures up to ∼140 μg/m3). Associated first observed effects could include nasal, throat, and eye irritation. These results suggest that the highest exposures should be reduced and, to this end, that the emissions of the most emissive products should be reduced. Since the identified priority substances of concern are not specific to cleaning product emissions, multisource cumulative exposures are expected with the use of other consumer products, e.g., paints, incense, scented candles, furniture, and fragrance diffusers.
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https://hal-ineris.archives-ouvertes.fr/ineris-03498050
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 3, 2022 - 11:19:48 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 15, 2022 - 3:03:08 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, May 4, 2022 - 7:46:06 PM

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Guillaume Karr, Mélanie Nicolas, François Maupetit, Martine Ramel. Cleaning product emissions and indoor built environments: Exposure and health risk assessments from experiments under realistic indoor conditions. Building and Environment, 2021, 206, pp.108384. ⟨10.1016/j.buildenv.2021.108384⟩. ⟨ineris-03498050⟩

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